Protector Lamp Types List
Protector Lamp Types
- Protector Lamp Type 6 Deputies Re-lighter Lamp
- Protector Lamp Type GR6S
- Protector lamp Type 1A
- Protector Lamp Type SL
- Protector Lamp Type BL
- Protector Lamp Type CT33
- Protector Lamp Type MC40
- HCP Flame Safety Lamps-high candle power
- Protector Lamp Type A1
- Protector Lamp Type 6 Cutaway
Protector Lamp Type 6 Deputies Re-lighter Lamp
The Type 6 is a flame safety lamp used for gas testing in coal mines. This miners lamp will safely burn methane/firedamp without causing an explosion.
It is a development of our earliest safety lamps, first made in 1873, and incorporates the Protector self extinguishing system developed and patented by Joseph Prestwich, the driving force of the company in the late Victorian period. It was tested and approved for use in mines in the 1930’s.
Protector Type 6 lamps emerged in 1929, these are lamps with a flint ignition device which in the prototype was activated by rotating the reservoir. However, an improved flint lighter was designed which used a striker key and was much simpler in construction. This system was patented (UK 344812/1929) and was the basis of the system used on Type 6 lamps today.
Following Nationalisation in 1947 it became the approved lamp for all UK Coal mines which were operated by the Ministry of Power under the Labour Government. As the State did not want to create a monopoly supplier they also introduced lamps from Wolf and Thomas & Williams.
Protector Lamp Type GR6S Deputies Re-lighter Lamp
The GR6S is a development of the Type 6. It was tested and approved for use in mines in the 1960’s. The first prototypes of which three still exist, were made in 1964.
The modern Garforth lamp was developed by the Mines Research Establishment from a design described by Sir William Garforth in 1883 to provide safe lighting in coal-mines as well as providing an effective tool for the detection, observation and measurement of methane gas or ‘firedamp’. The device allows air samples to be taken from areas of the mine and blown into the lamp by means of an aspirator bulb. Changes in the colour of the flame reveal the composition of the gas. For example; a large area of blue flame observed above the test flame indicates the presence of methane gas.
The GR6 went in to main steam use in the late 1960’s and gradually replaced the Type 6. Following issues with the brass wick tube corroding a stainless steel tube was introduced and the lamp became the GR6S. It is still used by Deputies today to test for firedamp.
Protector Lamp Type 1A
These were designed for the GPO (General Post Office) the forerunner to BT. They were used from the 1960’S to 1998 to test for oxygen deficiency in tunnels and manholes.
They are a flat wick lamp burning paraffin or lamp oil and are very easy to use. Also good for use on boats.
They are still used in the Royal Navy Dockyards for testing for bad air in ships holds and on submarines.
Protector Lamp Type SL
The pictures below show the assembly of the Protector Lamp Type SL glass plate and lighting assembly, with detailed photographs of the position of the screws, platinum wire and insulating washers
The SL (side lit) or Workman’s Lamp came into widespread use after the Great War. It had to be lit in the Lamp Room by an electric current as Workmen were not allowed to relight underground.
It was still in use upto the 1970’s
The iron topped SL (side lit) also known as a Workmans lamp. Workmen were not allowed ro relight underground. The lamp was lit in the lamp room or at an underground lighting station. The lighter was a green electric box about 9″ square. A 4/5 volt current is applied to the tin glass plate and the vessel, the circuit via several insulating washers passes through the platinum wire adjacent to the wick. When current is applied the wire glows red lighting the Colzalene fuel. Look for a 2 digit number stamped into the brass ring around the bottom of the glass, 57/ is made in 1957.SL’s were around from the 1920’s through to the early 1980’s. The iron tops were replaced in the 1960’s with stainless steel.
Protector Lamp Type BL
Concurrently with his work above, J Prestwich experimented amongst other things, with lamps that incorporated electrical lighting features. This meant that the lamps could be assembled completely before lighting. The first successful model was the BL (bottom lit) lamp described in UK patent 3785/1893. This was a spirit (Colzaline) burning lamp which could be lit by applying a low voltage (2v) current across a platinum filament adjacent to the wick. The current was applied to the frame of the lamp (fig. 5). This was a very successful lamp and was produced up to the 1950’s.
The CT33 was developed as an alternative to electric lighting;
In the 1930’s electric lighting was being used increasingly in mines, which easily surpassed flame safety lamps in brightness. Consequently new standards of lighting were applied and new regulations came into force-Safety Lamps (Conditions of Use) Order 1934-under which safety lamps which were considered bright enough to be used continually at a coal face fell into a new category-Schedule A. Most of the flame lamps in use at this time did not fit into this category and were put into another category-Schedule B. Lamps in this latter group could only be used by workers not at the coal face nor loading stations, and , if they were fitted with self contained lighting devices, could only be used by officials. This led to more research and the development of high candle power (HCP) lamps which would fit into Category A, and a number of firms produced such lamps. Protector themselves developed a series of lamps the most successful of which was the type 33A (fig. 9 and No. 97 in collection). The CT33A was a Mueseler type lamp with an inner glass combustion tube suspended from the chimney. Production of this lamp started in 1935 and went on into the 1950’s.
Protector Lamp Type MC40
A high candle power (HCP) lamp developed for Manchester Collieries, these were the mines owned by the Bridgwater Estate around Worsley Delph where the underground canals linked to the Bridgwater Canal.
The advent of Schedule A high candle power lamps did not prevent the further development of lamps which now fall under Schedule B and a number of new lamps were developed and manufactured by Protector. The first of these, in the 1930’s was a lamp designed for Manchester collieries which was designated Type MC40. This was a bonneted Marsaut lamp which had the frame fixed to the reservoir and the bonnet was locked by a magnetic lock on one of the pillars. The lamp burnt heavy oil which necessitated the use of a high tension lighter. These lamps were made until the 1950’s
As you say most HCP-high candle power lamps had a combination of inner glass or ceramic burners, like our CT33.
HCP-High Candle Power Flame Safety Lamps
The MC40 was quite an early development and was probably built with economy in mind, as the private pits before Nationalisation in 1947 were looking to avoid electrification. The MC40 was a relatively cheap lamp to produce and was made in large volumes for the Manchester Colleries pits. The later HCP lamps like our CT33 relied on inner glass burners and ceramics so were expensive to produce.
Post 1947 the HCP just could not compete, we scrapped most of our CT33’s as we could not sell them, the silver lining for us was the Ministry of Power choosing to adopt the Type 6 in all pits. As a result we sold probably upwards of a million until the GR6S replaced them gradually in the late 1960’s. The GR6S is a modification of the Type 6 approvals from the 1930’s. The Type 6 was so successful it virtually wiped out lamps from the other makers which gave the Ministry of Power/NCB a big problem in that we had a monopoly. As a result they established a protocol whereby Thomas & Williams and Wolf were guaranteed 10% of the market.
Protector Lamp Type A1
The A1 is also known as the Utility Lamp and the Garage Lamp
Made from the 1890’s this is based on our early miners lamps but was sold as a house lamp or car lamp. It was hung on a car radiator over night in winter to stop the water freezing before the advent of anti freeze
Protector Lamp Type 6 Cutaway
The picture below is a cutaway version of the Type 6 lamp.